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Amazing Effect of Parental Encouragement For Adolescents

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Parental encouragement of healthy behaviors: adolescent weight status and health-related quality of life

Background:
Obesity is a major health concern for adolescents, with one in four being overweight or obese in Australia. The purpose of this study was to  examine the moderation effect of parental encouragement of healthy behaviors on the relationship between adolescent weight status and  Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL).
Methods:
Baseline data were collected from 3,040 adolescents participating in the It’s Your Move project, conducted in the Barwon South-West region of  Victoria, in 2005. The Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory was used to measure HRQoL, and parental encouragement was derived from  purposely designed self-report items. Weight status was calculated according to World Health Organization growth standards from measured  weight and height. Linear regression analyses modeled direct relationships and interaction terms. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, physical activity level, nutrition and school attended.
Results:
Higher levels of parental encouragement, as compared to low encouragement, were positively associated with higher global HRQoL scores,  particularly in the physical functioning domain. To a lesser degree, high parental encouragement was also associated with higher scores on the  psychosocial domain. Obese weight status showed a significant association with lower HRQoL on all scales. Parental encouragement  significantly moderated the inverse relationship between overweight status and physical wellbeing.
Conclusions:
Findings suggest that parental encouragement of healthy behavior is associated with increased HRQoL scores for adolescents. Whilst more  research is needed to validate the significant interaction effect, main effects suggest that parental encouragement of healthy behavior is an  important factor in adolescent well being and should be considered when developing prevention and clinical interventions for obesity.

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